2.5.15. Councils on driving in various conditions
Before a start of motion be convinced that the parking brake is completely released — the corresponding control lamp should be disconnected!
During movement do not hold a foot on a brake pedal — it can lead to a dangerous overheat and premature wear of components of brake mechanisms.
At movement down on a long or abrupt slope brake, the engine on a low gear — long use of brakes can lead to their dangerous overheat.
Be careful at dispersal or braking on the slippery road — the slightest mistake can lead to drift of the car and control loss over management of a vehicle.
Dump speed at a strong head wind.
Do not forget that the wash of the car or overcoming of water obstacles can lead to moistening of components of brake mechanisms. Before continuing a trip dry brakes by several consecutive braking of the car.
Reduce speed at arrivals on borders and other obstacles.
At a car parking on a slope develop forward wheels so that in default brakes they rested against a border. Do not forget to cock the parking brake and to transfer AT to the situation "R" (in case of RKPP it is necessary to choose back or first transfer). In case of need enclose under wheels protivootkatny boots, or any suitable emphasis.
As on models considered in the real Management the interaxal differential is not provided, it is not necessary to use an all-wheel drive mode (4WD) at movement on roads with a dry and firm covering as it is fraught with increase of a noise background and premature wear of protectors and components of the transmission line. It is not necessary to lose sight of a factor of economy of fuel also.
Avoid use of the parking brake in frosty weather — the obmerzaniye of elements of a hummock drive can lead to impossibility of an otpuskaniye of blocks. On models from AT transfer transmission to the situation "R", in case of RKPP include the first, or a reverse gear. In case of need prop up wheels protivootkatny boots.
In cold weather on the first kilometers of a trip it is necessary to warm up the main transfer of the back bridge, moving in an all-wheel drive mode.
Councils on driving in cross-country conditions
Always aspire to observe recommended precautionary measures for the purpose of minimization of risk of hit in an emergency.
In cross-country conditions always drive the car with limiting care. Avoid unjustified risk.
At movement in cross-country conditions strongly holding the steering wheel, both hands covering it for a rim (not for spokes), thumbs of hands should be held from the outer side of a rim in order to avoid their reversing at breakthroughs.
Having finished movement on water, sand or to dirt, surely check efficiency of functioning of brakes, examine the car bottom on existence of the stuck extraneous subjects.
Always during car movement seat belts of the driver and all passengers should be fastened.
Before starting overcoming of a water barrier surely measure depth of water and bottom density on a site of an expected crossing. Move slowly, avoiding hit in deep holes. Watch, that water did not get to the engine and other units of the car. Water hit in an air inlet is fraught with serious internal damages of the engine. Remember that washing away of konsistentny greasing from wheel bearings, is fraught with their premature exit out of operation as a result of corrosion development. Water hit in differentials, a transmission and a transfer case is inadmissible also.
Sand and the dirt accumulating on brake mechanisms, can be at the bottom of decrease in efficiency of braking and damage of components of brake system.
After every day of driving on off road terrain, make careful survey of the main components of the car.
Features of driving in adverse weather conditions
Lower speed and move more slowly, than usually in normal weather conditions on a dry paving. Remember that reactions of the car to management will be more languid and slowed down even if the paving looks only slightly damp. Try to influence all controls of the car smoothly. On a wet and slippery paving sharp breakthrough of a steering wheel or careless squeezing of a brake pedal can lead to control loss over management. At the beginning of a trip, still completely without having adapted for adverse weather conditions, show the increased care. This rule is especially useful for observing at movement during snowfall. It is necessary to remember that at car operation in a warm season many useful skills of driving of the car on a slippery paving are forgotten that demands some time for their restoration.
Extra care show, operating the car during a rain as absence of practice during the dry period does not allow to be reconstructed and adapt a bridle manner for new conditions quickly.
After the long dry period the first rains do a paving especially slippery.
For safety of traffic in any weather conditions it is very important to have the good review in all directions. It is worth to remember to take care also that your car remained to well appreciable drivers of other vehicles — remember that at movement on the route inclusion of a passing beam never will prevent even during daylight hours. These requirements are more difficult for executing in adverse weather conditions.
Regularly check a condition of brushes of screen wipers and snuffled windscreen washers. Constantly support demanded level of liquid in the tank of washing liquid. Use for filling of system of washing of glasses only the liquids, recommended brands. Watch a condition of working elements of screen wipers, make their replacement as soon as brushes cease to clear glass properly. For prevention of condensation of moisture on an internal surface of glasses use having blown in glasses air, in case of need turn on the air conditioner.
Extra care and attention are required from the driver at commission of overtakings. Equally it is necessary to observe attentiveness, when overtaking your car by other vehicles. Water and dirt splashes from under wheels of the overtaken lorry can sharply worsen visibility through a windscreen.
Coupling of tires with a paving
Regularly supervise pressure of air in tires and degree of a deterioration of protectors of tires (depth of a pattern). Both these a factor are extremely important from the point of view of good coupling of tires with a paving and prevention of the phenomenon of hydroplaning, that is sharp reduction of coupling with the road at entrance to pools. For ensuring the best controllability with the car and traffic safety at approach of a winter season use shipovanny rubber.
During movement constantly watch changes of road conditions which often appear very unstable. Presence on the road of wet foliage can be not dangerous, than ice. Often in appearance the pure and dry paving can обледеневать separate sites. Especially dangerous conditions develop at air temperatures near 0°С when pools can alternate with наледью that does behavior of the car especially unpredictable.
Be careful when switching an automatic transmission in the lowered range. On a slippery covering sharp inclusion of a low gear can lead to short-term pro-slipping of driving wheels and car drift
The rush of a lateral wind during commission of overtaking of the truck or the bus is dangerous control loss over management.